1. Evidence of novelty (something "new" in order to contribute / extent the knowledge)
2. Not necessarily unique but significant to the scholars in the same area
3. Crucial, urgency and important to international community / readers in the same field
4. Availability of references, instrument
5. Doable in a given period of time
6. A good theoretical background which student can determine the functional relationships between variables and support multiple perspectives.
7. Address an issue / problem related to student as a practitioner (if applicable)
8. Researchable - be able to collect data to answer the RQ
9. Maximize the potential of student as an independent researcher
Ciri-ciri inilah yang perlu difikirkan sebelum finalized isu / problem yang ingin dikaji... tak perlu pening2 nk kena explain gap....